Browsing articles from "febbraio, 2013"
Feb 16, 2013

Sei dipendente dal tuo telefonino? Nove segni per capire se sei drogato di SmartPhone! – Infografica

“Non vi è quasi nulla che lo smartphone non possa fare … ma la mania dei cellulari si trasforma in dipendenza per molti individui. E di questi tempi ci sono molte persone dipendenti da Smartphone in modo patologico. Scopri se lo sei anche tu!”

E’ questo il senso dell’infografica presente in questo articolo, che propone i dati di recenti ricerche USA sul tema della dipendenza da telefono cellulare, un argomento che abbiamo già visto in questa pagina.

Le affermazioni di partenza sono sono retoricamente semplici, ma guardando l’infografica spiccano dei dati incredibili su specifici argomenti:

1. Non spegni mai il telefonino, anche mentre guidi o dormi.
l’83% degli intervistati dorme con il telefono vicino e il 35% di loro, quando si sveglia, lo usa subito per app o social; 3 persone su 4 lo usano guidando.

2. Scrivi messaggi di testo mentre cammini.
Il 42 % dei teen dice che può scrivere messaggi da bendato, e l’11% dice che manda più di 200 messaggi al giorno.

3. Ti viene da telefonare anche quando sei in luoghi riservati, come cinema o biblioteche.
Il 42% delle persone, quando si annoia, tira fuori il telefono per giocare o intrettenimento.

4. Ricevi e fai chiamate casa/lavoro miste, anche in vacanza.
il 30% delle persone fanno e ricevono chiamate personali sul cellulare durante l’orario di lavoro, ma vengono anche chiamata dal lavoro mentre sono a casa o in vacanza.

5. Utilizzi siti social durante le riunioni di lavoro.
Si. Lo fa chiunque sia a una riunione, abbia un cellulare in mano e si annoi. Vedi punto 3.

6. Utilizzi il cellulare quando sei in bagno.
Il 40% delle persone usa il telefono cellulare mentre è sul cesso!

7. Usi il telefono anche durante un incontro sociale.
Il 15% delle persone ammette che estrae e utilizza o finge di utilizzare il telefono cellulare durante feste o incontri sociali per limitare la possibilità di relazioni dirette con sconosciuti;  oltre il 50% preferisce cmunicare ‘digitalmente’ piuttosto che faccia a facca; il 60% delle persone utilizza il proprio telefono anche mentre sta socializzando direttamente.

8. Preferisci usare il cellulare per guardare la TV.
Sempre di più.

9. Ti svegli nel cuore della notte per controllare Facebook o Twitter.
Il 15% di persone dichiara di aver interrotto un rapporto sessuale per rispondere al telefono cellulare.

Ecco l’infografica “Are you addicted to your mobile phone?

Condividi l'articolo nei tuoi Social
Feb 10, 2013

Sulla biologia del Tecnostress: analisi della letteratura e agenda di ricerca

Su ACM Digital Library è recentemente apparsa questa ricerca di René Riedl (Università di Linz, Linz, Austria) intitolata “On the biology of technostress: literature review and research agenda” (Sulla biologia del Tecnostress: analisi della letteratura e agenda di ricerca) dove lo studioso – attraverso una rilettura completissima della bibliografia relativa al tecnostress (vedi bibliografia a fine pagina) – inizia a identificare le relazioni tra biologia e tecnostress e – in questa chiave – propone dei temi da sviluppare con future ricerche.

Di seguito, la traduzione in italiano dell’abstract di questa ricerca:

Nonostante il fatto che la società umana ha notevolmente beneficiato della disponibilità di tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione (ITC), sia l’uso sia l’ubiquità delle ITC possono anche avere un “lato oscuro”.

La diretta interazione umana con le ITC, così come le percezioni, le emozioni e i pensieri, per quanto riguarda l’attuazione delle ITC nelle organizzazioni e la sua pervasività nella società in generale, può portare a percezioni di stress notevoli – un tipo di stress denominato technostress.

La letteratura relativa all’analisi dei sistemi informativi (SI), rivela che il technostress è appena stato affrontato da un punto di vista biologico.

Questo è un problema, perché la biologia non solo fornisce misurazioni oggettive, ma anche, in misura notevole, determina il comportamento umano nei confronti delle ITC. Di più, le misure biologiche (ad esempio, i livelli di ormoni dello stress, l’attività cardiovascolare) sono predittori cruciali della salute umana, che li rende un complemento indispensabile di auto-report sulle percezioni di stress.

In questo contesto, il presente articolo esamina le ricerche sul technostress pubblicate in varie discipline come interazione uomo-computer, medicina, psicologia biologica, ed ergonomias ulla base di approcci biologici.

Con l’obiettivo di sviluppare una visione “grande immagine” di technostress e biologia, questo articolo integra un corpo di lavoro molto frammentato.

L’esame rivela significativi effetti negativi biologici che si sviluppano dall’interazione umana con le ITC (ad esempio, una maggiore attività del sistema cardiovascolare, o elevati livelli di ormoni dello stress come l’adrenalina e cortisolo). Tuttavia, la ricerca indica anche che le contromisure che possono influenzare positivamente i parametri biologici (ad esempio, la riduzione dei livelli di ormoni dello stress) esistono.

Sulla base della revisione della letteratura, questo articolo prevede anche un programma di ricerca per la futura ricerca sul technostress organizzato secondo tre temi: teoria e metodi, scienza e ingegneria di progettazione, salute e strategie di coping; e propone quindici domande di ricerca (temi) che possono essere affrontate nelle indagini future.

Questa ricerca è pubblicata in:
Newsletter ACM SIGMIS Database archive
Volume 44 Issue 1, February 2013 – Pages – 18-55
Publisher ACM New York, NY, USA
Per acquistare la ricerca completa in formato pdf clicca qui


Bibliografia della ricerca (ampissima!)

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43 – Ekman, P. (1982). Emotion in the human face, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, New York.

44 – Elder, V.B., Gardner, E.P. and Ruth S.R. (1987). “Gender and Age in Technostress: Effects on White Collar Productivity.” Government Finance Review, Volume 3, pp. 17–21.

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48 – Foley, P. and Kirschbaum, C. (2010). “Human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to acute psychosocial stress in laboratory settings.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 91–96.

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