Browsing articles tagged with " Metodologie"
Feb 10, 2013

Sulla biologia del Tecnostress: analisi della letteratura e agenda di ricerca

Su ACM Digital Library è recentemente apparsa questa ricerca di René Riedl (Università di Linz, Linz, Austria) intitolata “On the biology of technostress: literature review and research agenda” (Sulla biologia del Tecnostress: analisi della letteratura e agenda di ricerca) dove lo studioso – attraverso una rilettura completissima della bibliografia relativa al tecnostress (vedi bibliografia a fine pagina) – inizia a identificare le relazioni tra biologia e tecnostress e – in questa chiave – propone dei temi da sviluppare con future ricerche.

Di seguito, la traduzione in italiano dell’abstract di questa ricerca:

Nonostante il fatto che la società umana ha notevolmente beneficiato della disponibilità di tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione (ITC), sia l’uso sia l’ubiquità delle ITC possono anche avere un “lato oscuro”.

La diretta interazione umana con le ITC, così come le percezioni, le emozioni e i pensieri, per quanto riguarda l’attuazione delle ITC nelle organizzazioni e la sua pervasività nella società in generale, può portare a percezioni di stress notevoli – un tipo di stress denominato technostress.

La letteratura relativa all’analisi dei sistemi informativi (SI), rivela che il technostress è appena stato affrontato da un punto di vista biologico.

Questo è un problema, perché la biologia non solo fornisce misurazioni oggettive, ma anche, in misura notevole, determina il comportamento umano nei confronti delle ITC. Di più, le misure biologiche (ad esempio, i livelli di ormoni dello stress, l’attività cardiovascolare) sono predittori cruciali della salute umana, che li rende un complemento indispensabile di auto-report sulle percezioni di stress.

In questo contesto, il presente articolo esamina le ricerche sul technostress pubblicate in varie discipline come interazione uomo-computer, medicina, psicologia biologica, ed ergonomias ulla base di approcci biologici.

Con l’obiettivo di sviluppare una visione “grande immagine” di technostress e biologia, questo articolo integra un corpo di lavoro molto frammentato.

L’esame rivela significativi effetti negativi biologici che si sviluppano dall’interazione umana con le ITC (ad esempio, una maggiore attività del sistema cardiovascolare, o elevati livelli di ormoni dello stress come l’adrenalina e cortisolo). Tuttavia, la ricerca indica anche che le contromisure che possono influenzare positivamente i parametri biologici (ad esempio, la riduzione dei livelli di ormoni dello stress) esistono.

Sulla base della revisione della letteratura, questo articolo prevede anche un programma di ricerca per la futura ricerca sul technostress organizzato secondo tre temi: teoria e metodi, scienza e ingegneria di progettazione, salute e strategie di coping; e propone quindici domande di ricerca (temi) che possono essere affrontate nelle indagini future.

Questa ricerca è pubblicata in:
Newsletter ACM SIGMIS Database archive
Volume 44 Issue 1, February 2013 – Pages – 18-55
Publisher ACM New York, NY, USA
Per acquistare la ricerca completa in formato pdf clicca qui


Bibliografia della ricerca (ampissima!)

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Regione Lombardia: Valutazione del rischio stress lavoro-correlato. Indicazioni generali esplicative sulla base degli atti normativi integrati

Il laboratorio “Stress lavoro correlato” della Regione Lombardia ha elaborato nel corso del triennio 2008-2011 il documento “Valutazione del rischio stress lavoro-correlato. Indicazioni generali esplicative sulla base degli atti normativi integrati”.

Lo scopo del documento è consentire l’effettuazione di un buon percorso di valutazione del rischio stress, sulla base delle esperienze pratiche di valutazione fatte dalle aziende nel corso di questo primo anno con specifico riferimento alle indicazioni per la valutazione dello stress lavoro-correlato della Commissione Consultiva permanente per la salute e sicurezza sul lavoro.

Il documento ha anche altri obiettivi:

  • accompagnare il percorso valutativo in atto presso le imprese chiarendo in particolare le caratteristiche intrinseche della fase di valutazione preliminare e, qualora necessaria, della fase di valutazione approfondita prevista dagli indirizzi della Commissione Consultiva;
  • dare indicazioni per l’applicazione di metodi e strumenti opportuni per il percorso di Valutazione del rischio Stress Lavoro Correlato, evitando quelli che potrebbero risultare inadeguati;
  • fornire utili suggerimenti per un percorso di valutazione e gestione del rischio SLC praticabile e fattibile anche da parte delle piccole imprese;
  • valorizzare il contributo delle Linee di Indirizzo della Regione Lombardia come utile riferimento in termini di ‘metodi’ e ‘criteri’ di approccio al percorso valutativo.

Questo documento è stato approvato dalla Regione il 15 novembre 2011 con Decreto n. 10611 per “ricondurre i riferimenti normativi e le indicazioni metodologiche ad un quadro articolato e quindi non semplicistico, ma sicuramente armonico ed integrato”.

Per scaricare il documento completo “Regione Lombardia – Direzione Generale Sanità – Decreto n. 10611 del 15 novembre 2011 –  Documento Valutazione del rischio stress lavoro-correlato. Indicazioni generali esplicative sulla base degli atti normativi integrati” clicca qui.

 

Apr 11, 2011

Nuovi documenti utili al percorso valutativo dello stress lavoro-correlato

PuntoSicuro.it pubblica oggi una breve rassegna dei più recenti documenti pubblicati in internet e utili al percorso valutativo del rischio stress lavoro-correlato.

  • Documento “Programma per la realizzazione delle attività per la valutazione del rischio da stress lavoro correlato”, pubblicato in Salute & Sicurezza – RLS” della Filcams-Cgil
  • Documenti sulla valutazione del rischio stress per il comparto del legno pubblicati dal sito della campagna straordinaria di formazione VIVERSICURA – Assessorato alle Politiche della Formazione della Regione Veneto.

Per leggere l’articolo e scaricare i documenti cliccate qui.

Dic 27, 2010

Valutazione Rischio Stress Lavoro Correlato (VRSLC): siete pronti per il 31 dicembre 2010?

Mentre il 31 dicembre 2010 si avvicina rapidamente, riepilogo brevemente per link le quattro questioni fondamentali relative alla valutazione del rischio stress lavoro correlato, utilizzando alcuni articoli d’archivio e alcune nuove informazioni.

Questione numero 1 – l’interpretazione della norma (i Decreti Legislativi 81/08 e 106/09) che definiva questa data come limite per lo svolgimento della valutazione del rischio da stress lavoro correlato e  i successivi ‘slittamenti’ interpretativi promossi dalla Commissione.

Questione numero 2 – Le questioni giurisprudenziali riguardo al documento realizzato dalla Commissione svolte in primis dall’avvocato Dubini. Possibile che non ci sia una risposta ufficiale sulle critiche ce vengono mosse al lavoro della Commissione?

Questione numero 3 – Altre opinioni intorno al tema sviluppate da specialisti e da associazioni sindacali della sicurezza sul lavoro. Segnalo l’articolo relativo alla facoltà dell’autocertificazione in merito alla valutazione del rischio stress lavoro-correlato, a cura di Gerardo Porreca, e l’articolo sul ruolo del Professionista nella valutazione del rischio da stress lavoro-correlato (VRSLC), a cura di Andrea Cirincione e Massimo Servadio, entrambi apparsi su PuntoSicuro.

Sul lato sindacale segnalo l’approfondito articolo di Andrea Cirincione sulle indicazioni metodologiche in merito al Documento proposto dalla Commissione permanente per la salute e la sicurezza sul lavoro, e l’articolo di Debora Antidoro, psicologa del lavoro e delle Organizzazioni, sulle indicazioni della Commissione permanente per la salute e la sicurezza sul lavoro in materia di valutazione dello stress lavoro-correlato, presenti sul sito di AIFOS (Associazione Italiana Formatori della Sicurezza sul Lavoro).

Questione numero 4 – Le interpretazioni e le procedure proposte da tutte le principali associazioni di categoria del mondo del lavoro per informare i loro associati sulle modalità di valutazione dello stress lavoro correlato. E’ importante notare che le associazioni sindacali colgono al balzo la palla dello ‘slittamento’ dei termini della valutazione proposto dalla Commissione (restando completamente alieni dalle eccezioni presentate dalla questione numero 2) e diffondo ai loro associati le informazioni su come iniziare la valutazione prima del 31/12/2010 e poi concluderla con comodo più avanti.

Si vedano la circolare di Confartigianato (Confartigianato – Direzione Relazioni Sindacali – Settore Ambiente e Sicurezza – Prot. N.1506 /FM/GR del 22 novembre 2010 – Approvazione delle indicazioni operative in materia di stress lavoro correlato – valutazioni generali e primi suggerimenti pratici per le imprese Associate) che fornisce i primi suggerimenti pratici per la valutazione del rischio stress lavoro correlato; e i documenti per gli associati presenti sui siti locali di CNA, Confesercenti, Confcommercio, AGCI.

Come è evidente, la vicenda si muove con tipica italianità, fra norma disattese, nuovi regolamenti con poche regole e l’autonomia operativa delle organizzazioni. Mi sembra proprio un brutto inizio per la valutazione obbligatoria dello stress lavoro-correlato!

Ott 19, 2010

Da Confindustria le indicazioni metodologiche per valutare i rischi collegati allo stress

In attesa di leggere le linee di indirizzo della Commissione Consultiva Permanente continuano a essere realizzati molti documenti con indicazioni metodologiche per supportare i datori di lavoro nella valutazione dei rischi stress lavoro-correlati.

Il documento che presentiamo oggi “Indicazioni metodologiche per la valutazione dei rischi collegati allo stress lavoro-correlato (articolo 28, comma 1, del D.Lgs. n. 81/2008)” è stato realizzato dalla Confindustria di Udine “allo scopo di individuare un percorso di massima per la redazione di un documento di valutazione, comunque idoneo all’assolvimento dell’obbligo di legge, salvo necessità di eventuali successive integrazioni in ragione delle indicazioni che verranno emanate”.

Il documento, che si sviluppa con il solito percorso comune anche ad altri documenti ed oramai abbastanza noto, si esprime con un modo semplice e di facile applicazione. Per scaricarlo cliccate qui. (pdf, 72 Kb)

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